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仁爱版 七、八、九年级下册英语重点知识点,让你开学赶超学霸!

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内容提示: 七年级 1 Unit 5 Topic 1 重点短语: : 1. on foot 步行 go …on foot = walk ( to )…2. at the school gate 在学校大门口 3. on weekdays 在平日 ,在工作日 4. on weekends=on the weekend 在周末 5. after school 放学后 6. after class 下课后 7. after breakfast / lunch / supper 早餐 / 午餐 / 晚餐后 8. in one's free time 在某人空闲时间 9. have a rest 休息一下 10. read books 读书 11. go swimming 去游泳 12. listen to music 听音乐 13. watch TV 看电视 14. do(one’s) homework 做作业 15. go t...

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七年级 1 Unit 5 Topic 1 重点短语: : 1. on foot 步行 go …on foot = walk ( to )…2. at the school gate 在学校大门口 3. on weekdays 在平日 ,在工作日 4. on weekends=on the weekend 在周末 5. after school 放学后 6. after class 下课后 7. after breakfast / lunch / supper 早餐 / 午餐 / 晚餐后 8. in one's free time 在某人空闲时间 9. have a rest 休息一下 10. read books 读书 11. go swimming 去游泳 12. listen to music 听音乐 13. watch TV 看电视 14. do(one’s) homework 做作业 15. go to the zoo / park 去动物园 / 公园 16. once a week 一周一次 17. every day 每天 18. have classes 上课 19. for a little while 一会儿 20. go to bed 上床睡觉 21. come on 快点,加油,来吧 22. get up 起床 23. talk with / to sb.与某人谈话 24. at school 在学校、在上课 25. go to school 去上学 26. and so on ……等等 重点句型: 1. --Happy New Year! --The same to you. 2. --Your new bike looks very nice. --Thank you.3. --How do you usually come to school? --I usually come to school by subway.4. --How often do you go to the library? --Once/Twice/Three times a week/Very often/Every day/Sedom6. The early bird catches the worm.(谚语) 笨鸟先飞 7. Work / Study must come first.工作/ 学习必须放在第一位!8. Classes begin at eight.=Class begins at eight.9. What time does the class begin?What time do the classes begin?10. We have no more time.我们没有更多的时间了。11. I have four classes in the morning and two in the afternoon.我早上上四节课,下午上两节。12. She goes to bed at about a quarter to ten.她九点四十五分睡觉。 2 Unit 5 Topic 2 重点短语: : 1. make cards 制作卡片 2. on the playground 在操场上 3. in the library 在图书馆 4. in the gym 在体育馆 5. on the shelf 在书架上(shelves 复数) 6. at the Lost and Found 在失物招领处 7.clean the room打扫房间 8.have a soccer game 举行足球比赛 9. have an English class 上英语课 10. write a letter 写信 11. some of his photos= some photos of his 他的一些照片 12. on time 准时/in time 及时 13. do better in sth 在某方面做得较好 14. show sb. around… 带领某人参观……15. at the moment“此刻,现在”= now.16. plan v.计划 plan to do sth17. be kind to sb =be friendly to sb 对某人很友好 学科名词: 一周名词: 重点短语: : 1. --What are you doing? -- He is cleaning the dormitory.2.-- Are you doing your homework? --Yes, I am./No, I am not.3. --How long can I keep them? --Two weeks.4. --Thank you. --It’s a pleasure/A pleasure / My pleasure. 别客气。5. --Sorry, I don’t have any. --Thank you all the same. 仍然感谢你。 3 Unit 5 Topic3 重点短语: : 1. outdoor activity 课外活动 2. easy and interesting 容易又有趣 3. difficult and boring 又难又乏味 4. be friendly to sb. =be kind to sb. 对某人友好 5. between…and… 在……之间… 6. learn(…)from… 向…学习…/从…中学…7. learn about the past 了解过去 8. learn about 了解 9. learn by oneself 自学 7. from…to… 从……到…… 8. in the morning / afternoon / evening 在早上/ 下午/ 晚上 9. on Monday 在星期一 10. on Monday morning 在星期一的早上11. tell sb. about sth 告诉某人关于某事 重点句型: : 1. --What day is it today? --It’s Sunday. (在英语国家每周的第一天是星期天而不是星期一)2. --What class are they having? --They are having a music class.3. --What time does the class begin? --At ten o’clock.4. --What do you think of math? / How do you like math ?你认为数学怎么样? --It’s difficult and boring.5. --Why (为什么)do you like English ? --Because(因为)it’s easy and interesting.7. --What subject (学科)do you like best ? --I like history best.8. At school, my teachers and classmates are very friendly to me.9. I study Chinese, English, politics, geography and some other subjects.(other 泛指其他的,别的+ 名词复数. another 泛指又一个、再一个、另一个+名词单数 .the other 两者中的另一个)10. English is my favorite subject.11. I also like P.E and music. I like P.E and music , too. (也)12. Can you tell me something about it? 4 Unit6 Topic 1 重点词组: Why not… =Why don’t you…go upstairs 上楼 go downstairs 下楼 A moment later一会以后 study n.书房 v.学习 in the front of the house 在屋子(里面的)前面 in front of the house 在屋子(外面的)前面 talk about+n/v-ing 谈论,议论,讨论某事 talk with sb. 与某人交谈 put them away 把他们收拾好 Look after = take care of 照顾 play with sb. “与某人一起玩”in the tree(外物附着)在树上 on the tree 树本身长出来的花,树叶等 on the wall 在墙上 in the wall 在墙里 on the river 浮在水面上 over the river 在河上(悬空)tell sb about sth 告诉某人关于某事 tell sb to do sth 让某人做某事 tell sb sth 告诉某人某事 want to do sth.想要做某事 重点句型: : 1. There are two bedrooms and a small study. 有两张床和一个小的书房。 2. There is a lamp, a computer, some books and so on. 有一个台灯,一个电脑,一些书等等。 3.— Is there a computer in your study? 在你的书房有一台电脑吗? —Yes, there is. 是的,有。 4. Don't put them here. Put them away. 不要把他们放这儿,把他们收拾起来 5. There are many beautiful flowers in the garden, but there aren’t any trees in it. 花园里有许多漂亮的花,但是却没有树。 5 Unit 6 Topic 2 重点短语: : 1. live with sb. 和某人居住在一起 2. in the country 在农村 3. look for 寻找 4. for rent 出租 5.excuse me 打扰了,打扰一下,劳驾,请原谅 6. on the street corner 在街道拐角处 7. train stationn 火车站 8. park cars 停车 9. keep money 存钱 10. right now 立刻,马上 11. from... to... 从……到…… 12. take trains 乘火车 13. see a doctor 看医生 14. mail letter 邮寄信 15. at the end of ...在……的尽头 16. on the right 在右边 17. lot of = lots of 许多 18. close to 距离……近,紧挨着的 19. far from 距离……远 20. kitchen fan 厨房排气扇 21. get sb. to do sth.派人去做某事 22. a ticket for speeding 超速罚单 23. go across 穿过 24. turn left/right 向左转/向右转 25. on the corner of 在…转角/拐弯处 26. across from 在…对面 27. between……and 在…之间 28. take the No. 718 bus 乘坐 718 路公共汽车 重点句型: 1.--What’s your home like? 你的家是什么样的? --It’s an apartment building. 它是一栋公寓楼。 2. They live in a big farmhouse in the country. 他们住在农村的农舍里。 3. What’s the matter? 怎么了? 4. I can’t hear you, the line is bad. 我听不清,线路不好。 5. I’ll get someone to check it right now. 我马上派人去检查。 6. There is something wrong with my kitchen fan. 我厨房的风扇出了点问题。 7. There are many houses with big yards in the suburbs. 郊区有许多带着大院子的房子。 8. What kind of home do you live in? 你住在什么样的房子里? 9. --I ‘m afraid it’s too loud. 恐怕声音有点大 --I’ m really sorry about that. 我真的对此很抱歉. 6 Unit 6 Topic 3 重点短语: 1. change to 变成 2. no parking 禁止停车 3. get/be hurt 受伤 4. obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则 5. keep on the right of the road 保持在路的右边 6. at the foot of 在…的脚下 7. hold sth in one’s hand 抓住某人的手 8. make sb./sth. +v. 使某人或某物做某事 9. t’s good to do sth. 做某事是好的 重点句型: 1.问路 ①Where is the bookstore? ②Is there a bookstore near here? ③Excuse me, is there a bank near here? 打扰了,请问附近有银行吗? ④Which is the way to the bookstore? ⑤How can I get to the bookstore? ⑥Could you tell me the way to the bookstore? = Could you tell me how I can get to the bookstore? = Could you tell me how to get to the bookstore? = Could you tell me Where the bookstore is? 2.指路: ①Go along/down this road until…… Go up (Go along)this street to the end ,and you will find it on your left. 沿着这条街一直走到尽头,你就会发下银行在你左边。 ②Turn left at the first turning ﹦Take the first turning on the left. ③Go straight ahead and you will see…… ④It’s about 15 kilometres away from here. 3. Thank you all the same . ﹦Thanks anyway.仍然谢谢你。 4. You can’t miss it.你不能错过它。 5. You need to take bus No.718…… 你需要乘 718 路公交车。 6. How far is it from here? 距这儿有多远? 7. Everybody must be careful and obey the traffic rules. 每个人一定小心并且遵守交通规则。 8. We must stop and look both ways before we cross the road. 在我们过马路之前,我们必须停下来向路的两边看。 9. Be careful! Don't play on the street. 小心!不要在马路上玩。 10. Wait for your turn when the lights are red. 在红灯亮之前请等待 11. --How far is it from here? (问距离) 离这有多远? --It’s about ten kilometers away from here. 离这有十千米远。 12. How can we make the roads safe? 我们怎样才能使道路安全?. 14. We must never play on the street. 我们绝对不能在街上玩耍。 = We must not play the street. 15. It’s good to help children and old people to cross the road. 帮助小孩和老人过马路是一种助人为乐的行为。 7 Unit 7 Topic 1 重点句型 —Were you born inHebei? Yes, I was./ No, I wasn’t. —When was your daughter born? —She was born on October 22nd, 1996. —Whenis your birthday? May 13th—What'sthe shape of your present? It’s acircle./ rectangle / triangle/square.—What’sit like ? It’s like a star. —Howlong/wide is it? —Whatdo we use it for? We use it to studyEnglish. 重点词组及短语 talk about 谈论 place of birth 出生地 date of birth 出生日期 after class 下课 big fan 狂热粉丝 have a birthdayparty 举行生日聚会 have a look 看 make a cake 做蛋糕 do some cleaning 打扫 cook a big dinner 做一顿丰盛的晚餐 重点讲解 1 英语中日期可以有两种表达法:(1)月日,年。May 1st,2008 (2)日月,年。1stMay,20082 plan to do sth.计划做某事 3 基数词变序数词的规律:基变序,有规律;一、二、三,特殊记;从四起,th; 八去 t 来九去 e; ve 要用 f 替。整十该 y 为 ie,后面再跟 th; 几十几和几百几,只变个位就可以。4 介词 in,on, at 在时间前面的应用 1)在上下午、傍晚用 in in the morning in the afternoon in the evening2)在季节、年、月前用 in, inspring/summer/fall/winter in 2002, inJuly, in February, 20013)在具体的某一天及某一天的上下午、晚上用 on on Saturday, on Wednesday evening.on the morning of June 1st, on January 2nd, 20144) 在中午、夜间、时刻前用 at。at night, at noon , atseven o’clock, at half past seven5 表示确切“几百”时,hundred 后面不加“s”,但表示不确定数目的“数以百计”时,hundred 后面应加“s”,用“hundreds of”表示。 three hundred students 三百名学生 hundreds of students 几百名学生6 英语中表达物体的长、宽、高,先说数字,再说单位,最后加上一个表示长、宽、高的形容词。“.”读做“point”。 6.4 米长 six point four meters long7 What do we use it for?我们用它来做什么? use sth. to do sth.用某物做某事. = use sth. for doing sth.8 buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.买某物给某人 9 what’s the shape of your present ?= Whatshape is your present?10 What’s it like ?=What does it look like?11 It’s like a star.= It looks like a star.12 I get it. 我明白了。13 You are right. 你说的对。 重点语法讲解 e be 动词的一般过去时 1. be 动词的一般过去时,表示过去存在的状态。 My brother was at school yesterday.2. be 动词的过去式为 was/were,其否定式为 was not/wasn’t 和 were not/weren’t.3. 一般疑问句以及简略回答:—Were you born inJuly,1999? —Yes, I was./No,I wasn’t. 8 Unit 7 Topic 2 重点词组及短语 at Kangkang’s birthday party 在康康的生日聚会 dance to disco 跳迪斯科play the guitar 弹吉他 play the piano 弹钢琴 perform ballet 表演芭蕾 sing Englishsongs 唱英文歌 read English books 读英文书 make model plane 做飞机模型 take photos 照相 draw pictures 画画 so many 如此多 in the past 过去 at the age of 在...岁 with one’s help 在...帮助下 not…any more 不再 重点句型 1 I’m sure we’ll have a good time at the party.我确定我们在集会上玩得高兴。2 You are so smart! 你真聪明! 3 I’d like to take these flowersto the party.我想把这些花带到集会上。 4 What else can you do ? 你能做别的什么?5 Happy birthday to you!6 There was something wrong withher eyes. 他的眼睛有了毛病。7 Life was hard for her. 生活对他来说很艰难。 重点讲解 1 巧辩异同 take 与 bring take (从说话人处带到别处)带去,带走 bring (由别处带到说话人处)带来 2 一段时间+ago 是表示过去的时间状语。 two years ago , three months ago3 be good at doing sth. = do well in doingsth.擅长做某事,在……方面做得好。4 with one’s help = with the help of… 在……的帮助下 5 It’s time for….到…时间了.相当于 It’s time to do sth.6 both, all 的用法 both 两者都,all 三者以上都 7 There was something wrong with her eyes. 这个句型主语是 something 谓语动词用 is/was. 在否定句和疑问句中用 anything。eg. Is there anything wrong with the boy ? There wasn’t anything wrong with hercomputer.8 With one’s help = with the help of 在……的帮助下 重点语法及选择疑问句 一、情态动词掌握情态动词 can/can’t, could/couldn’t 的用法 1. I ______ swim at the age often, but now I ____swim very well.2. ____ you play the guitar ? No, I _______.3. What else _____ you do ? I_____ also perform ballet.4. _____ he draw pictures when hewas five years old ? No, he _______.5. One year ago, he _____ do it atall. 二、 选择疑问句 选择疑问句是两个一般疑问句连成的句子,用 or 连接,相同的部分略 9 Unit 7 Topic 3 重点句型 —Did you sing a song at the party? —Yes, I did/No, I didn’t. I missed the chairand fell down. How could you lie tome?Kangkang made asilent wish and them he blew the candles out in one breath. 重点短语 play the piano 弹钢琴 play the guitar 弹吉他 play erhu 拉二胡 peform magictricks 变魔术 enjoy oneself 玩的开心 perform Chinese Kungfu 表演中国功夫 dance to disco 跳迪斯科 play a game 玩游戏 fall down 摔倒 miss the chair 错过椅子 hurt oneself 受伤 at once 立刻 last night 昨晚 get home 到家 next time 下次 have a birthday party 举行生日聚会 make a card 制作卡片 by hand 用手 make a wish 许愿 blow out 吹灭 重点讲解 1 Did Kangkang enjoy himself?康康玩得开心吗?Enjoy 是及物动词,后接名词,代词或是动名词,意为“喜爱,欣赏,享受……的乐趣。”enjoy oneself = have a good/great time 玩得愉快 enjoy doning sth. 喜欢做某事巧辩异同 like, love 与 enjoy(1)like 喜欢(程度较弱)like doing/to do(2)love 热爱(程度较强)love doing/to do(3)enjoy 喜爱,欣赏,享受……的乐趣 enjoy doing2 It’s your turn.该你了。turn 是名词,意思是“轮流”,It’s one’s turn to do sth.轮到某人做某事。还可以做连系动词,意为“变成……”,后接形容词做表语。3 反身代词 oneself 变化如下:①第一二人称用形容词性物主代词+self(selves)I→myself you→yourself(yourselves)②第三人称用人称代词宾格+self(selves) he→himself they→themselves4 What happened to Michael at the party?聚会上迈克发生什么事情了?happen to sb. 某人发生某事,to 是介词 happen to do…碰巧干某事,to 是不定式符号 5 What’s the matter ? 怎么啦?相当于 What’s wrong ?6 This way, please . 请往这边走。7 We bought many presents for him.我们给他买了许多礼物。英语中有部分动词可以做双宾语,当我们把表示人的宾语(间接宾语)放在前,物的宾语(直接宾语)放在后时,不需加介词。如 give me some flowers/ get him somepaper/ buy us some food/ pass her a pencil 。如果把表示物的宾语(直接宾语)放在前、人的宾语(间接宾语)宾语放在后时,在人的宾语(间接宾语)前要加一个介词 to 或 for。什么时候加 to?什么时候加 for? 这一问题一直困扰大家,下面我们通过一个顺口溜来记住。和 for 连用的动词有:cook,get/fetch/buy/draw/sing/play/make/do8 Don’t be so late next time. 下次别到得这么晚。这是祈使否定句,祈使句的否定句在动词原形前加don’t.Don’t open your books. Please don’t make a noise. 重点语法 讲解 一般过去式 一、一般过去式表示:(1)过去存在的状态。My father was at work yesterday afternoon.(2)过去某个时间发生的动作。I got up at 6:30 yesterday.(3)过去经常或反复发生的动作。He always went to work by bus lastyear. 常用的时间状语:two days/months/years ago, last year, in those days, just now, in 2002等。二、动词过去式的构成:1. 规则动词①在动词后面直接加“ed”。play-played ②动词以“e”结尾加“d”。move-moved ③动词以辅音字母加 y 结尾改 y 为 i 加ed. study-studied ④动词为重读闭音节,双写词尾的辅音字母加 ed. plan-planned stop-stopped2. 不规则动词 am/is-was are-were do-did (详情见书后不规则动词表)三、行为动词一般过去时态陈述句变否定句和一般疑问句:肯定句:I bought some books yesterday. 否定句:I didn’t buy any books yesterday. 一般疑问句:Did you buy any books yesterday? Unit5—Unit7 中出现的冠词用法 1.弹乐器前要带定冠词 the,而进行球类运动,刚不带 the。play the guitar/piano play soccer/basketball2.序数词,前面要用定冠词 the。on the second floor3.三餐前面不用冠词。 have breakfast/lunch/supper 介词的用法 1. 在几点常用介词 at, 在星期几常用 on。在早上、下午、晚上常用 in. 在具体某是前,用介词 on;在月份或年份前用介词 in,在具体到某一天的早上/下午/晚上,也用 onat seven o’clock; on Sunday; in the morning.2.在哪一层楼用介词 on. 10 Unit 8 Topic 1 重点句型 What’s the weather like in summer ? It’s hot.How is the weather today ? It’s foggy. It’s a good season for flyingkites. It’s a good time to climb hills. Which season do you like best,spring, summer, autumn or winter ?I like … best. It’s hard to say.How are things going ? Things aregoing very well.What’s the temperature ? It’sBetween -8°C and -2°C .You’d better know about the weatherin different places in August. 重点词组及短语 go back home 回家 right away 立刻 have a short rest 短暂休息 later on 后来 take a walk 散步 be kind to 对...友好 come back to life 苏醒;恢复健康 get fine 被罚款 nice and bright 阳光明媚 take some pictures 拍照 in most of 大多数 talk about 谈论 be different from 与...不同 summer holiday 暑假 重点讲解 1 It’s a good season/ time for doing sth. =It’s a good season/time to do sth. 是做某事的好季节。2 对 because 引导的原因状语提问 用 why.I don’t like summer because it’s very cold. Why don’t you like summer ?3 I like spring best. = My favorite season isspring.4 Because I learned to swim last year. 因为去年我学会了游泳。learn to do sth .学习/ 学会做某事。注:study 没有这种用法 5 Remembe to put on your raincoat when you goout. 记住外出时穿上雨衣。remember to do sth. 记住做某事。记住别做某事 remember not to do sth.6 The lowest temperature is -8°C and the highest temperature is is -2°C.形容气温高用 high, 低用low。7 You’d better know about the weather indifferent places in August. 你最好了解八月份不同地方的天气。You’d better = You had better. had better 相当于一个情态动词,后接动词的原形,否定句直接在 better 后加not.8 The farmers are busy harvesting. bebusy doing sth. “忙于做某事”相当于 be busy with sth.9 I hope all is well with you. 我希望你一切都顺利。10 We saw some old people performing Beijing opera. 我们看到一些老人在表演京剧。see sb. doing sth. 看见某人在做某事。这时 doing sth. 为宾语补足语。11 The weather gets warm and the trees turngreen. 天气变长,树木变绿。天气变化用 get, 颜色的变化用 turn.12. Everything comes backto life .作主万物复苏 everything, something, anything 语是谓语动词用三单形式 13. Put on 强调穿的动作 wear 强调穿的状态 14.修饰雨雪的词汇多用heavily ,修饰风多用 strongly 的形式如:下大雨 rain heavily a heavy rain 刮大风 blow strongly a strong winde.g. It rained heavily last night . 昨晚下了一场大雨 There was a heavyrain last night .今天阳光明媚e.g. The sun is shining brightly./It is a sunny day today./ It’s nice and bright today. 11 Unit 8 Topic 2 重点语法(一)动词后接不定时做宾语有部分动词后可以接不等式做它们的宾语,这样的动词我们学过的有 want to do sth. plan to do sth.wish to do sth. hope to do sth.learn to do sth. remember to do sth.need to do sth. would like to do sth.begin to do sth. (二)情态动词 should 的用法 had better(最好) , should(应该)用来提建议,后接动词原形,否定句在它们后直接加 not, should not 可缩写为 shouldn’t. 重点词汇词组及短语 travel around 环游旅行 go back to 回到;追溯到placeof interest 名胜古迹 get together 一起 all the year round 一年到头 prepare for 为...做准备 apair of sunglasses 一副太阳镜 in the sun 在阳光下 take a trip 旅行 take photos of 拍照 be careful 小心 keep away from 远离 be different from 与...不同 重点句型 1. What’s the best time to go there?I think you can go anytime.2. Youshould visit Dali and Lijiang. And you shouldn’t visit Xishuangbanna.3. Didyou visit any places of interest? -----and it is very different from ours.4. Howwas you trip? It was wonderful.5. Howdid you travel there? By train.6. Howlong were you there? Only five days.7. How are you doing ?8. Please give my love to your parents.9. Enjoy your holiday trip ! 重点讲解 1 Each of you has a good plan for theholidays. Each of …做主语时动词用单数。eg. Each of us comes from Guizhou. Each of them was at home last Sunday。2 trip / travel 两者均表示旅游,其主要区别为:(1)trip 指短距离旅行 如:Theround trip was ten dollars.(2)travel 指长途旅行,尤其指到国外旅行 3 What’s the best time to go there ? 去那儿的最好时间是什么时候?to go there 作定语 Summer is the best time to visit HuangguoshuWaterfall. 夏天是参观黄果树瀑布的最好时间。4 The weather in Beijingis different from that in Guangzhou.北京的天气和广州的不同。不同地方的同一事物,单数或不可数名词用 that,复数名词用 those 来代替。The grapes in Tulufan are nicer than thosein Yunnan . 12 Unit 8 Topic 3 重点词组 the Spring Festival 春节 perform lion and dragon dances 表演舞龙舞狮 give each other presents 互送礼物 guess riddles on lanterns 猜灯笼上的谜语 the Lantern Festival 元宵节 the Mid-autumn Festival 中秋节decorate Christmas trees 装饰圣诞树 put up 挂起;建造 at the end of 在...末端 give gifts to each other 互送礼物 lucky money 压岁钱 stay up 守夜 at midnight 午夜 play tricks on 捉弄 be full of 充满 give best wishes to … 给...最美好的祝愿 have a get-together 有一个聚会 show one’s love 表达...的爱 shout at 对...大喊;责骂 have dragon boat races 赛龙舟 重点句型 1 Please give my best wishes to your parents.请向你的父母致意 2 Merry Christmas ! 圣诞快乐!3 The same to you. 你也一样。4 Good luck to you ! 祝您好运! 重点讲解 1 look,see,watch,read 的用法之别 look 看(强调的过程,从没有看到看,如接宾语要带介词 at)see 看见(强调结果)watch 观看(节目、比赛、电视等),观察 read 看(书、报、杂志)2 start doing sth.、startto do sth. 主语是物的时候常用 start to do sth.3 On Mother’s Day, people show their love for their mothers by givingpresents.4 He likes sleeping withthe windows open. 他喜欢开着窗户睡觉。with +N+adj 表示伴随的状态。5 one of them 他们中的一个 类似的说法 one of us, one of the students6 People enjoy a one-day holiday. 人们享受一次一天的假期。an 8-day holiday 一次八天的假期 8-day 或 eight-day 合成的形容词 day 不能加 s 7 In Beijing,many people go to Tian’anmen Square to watch the national flag go up.watch … do sth. 观看(某人或某物)做某事 He likeswatching people perform magic tricks.People often watchthe sun go up on Mount Tai. 听力 1 Unit 5 Topic 1 【重点词组】 1. invite sb. to do sth. 邀请某人做某事 2.one of +形容词最高级+ 名词复数 3. say thanks/hello/sorry/good-bye to sb.向某人致谢/问好/道歉/告别 4. feel/taste/smell/look/sound/seem +adj.5. seem to do sth. seem+adj. it seems that+从句 6. a ticket for/to sth.一张……的票 7. lonely adj.孤独的 alone adj./adv.独自的,一个人的 8. because of+n./pron/v-ing 因为,由于 9. cheer sb. up 使某人振作起来 10. care for =take care of = look after 照顾 11. come into being 形成,产生 12. be full of = be filled with 充满……13. agree with sb.同意某人 14. make peace with sb.与某人和平相处 15. in the end =at last = finally最后,最终 16. be popular with sb.受某人欢迎 【词形变化】 1.invite v.邀请 invitation n.邀请 2.disappionted adj.失望的,沮丧的 disappointment n.失望,沮丧 disappoint v.使失望 3.excite v.使激动,使兴奋 excited adj.兴奋的,激动的(修饰人) exciting adj.令人兴奋的,使人激动的(修饰物)4.main adj.主要的 mainly adv.主要地 5.face n.脸,面 部 facial adj.面部的 6.worry v.担心 worried adj.担心的,担忧的 【重点句型】 1.--How are you doing?你好吗? --Very well.非常好。2.What a pity!多么遗憾呀!3.—How do the flowers smell? --They smell nice. --花闻起来怎么样? --很好。4.He seems a little unhappy.他似乎有点不开心。5.How did the music sound?音乐听起来怎么样?6.Please say thanks to your mom for us.请代我向你的妈妈致谢。 2 Unit 5 Topic 2 【重点短语】 1.do badly in=be bad at 在某方面做的差 2.be strict with sb.对某人要求严格3.have a talk with sb.与某人交谈 4.be worried about=worry about 担心……5.take it easy 放松点,别紧张 6.fail the English exam 英语考试不及格 7.fail to do sth.失败做某事 8.at one’s age 在某人这个年龄时 9.tell jokes 讲笑话 10.sb. find/think it+adj. to do sth.某人认为/发现做某事是……11.be kind/friendly to sb.对某人友好12. wish to do sth./hope to do sth.希望做某事 wish sb. to do sth.希望某人做某事 sb. wish/hope that...某人希望……13.what’s more 而且14.that 替代前面所提到可数名词单数或不可数名词 those 替代前面所提到可数名词的复数 15.be afraid of doing sth.be afraid to do sth.害怕做某事16.as+adj/adv.(原级)+as 和……一样 not as/so…as (as…as 否定形式) 17.make faces 做鬼脸 18.refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事 19.deal withdo with 处理,解决 20.go to the movies 去看电影 21.no longer=not…any longer不再……22.though/even though 虽然,尽管(不能和 but 连用,但可与 still,yet 连用)23.be/get used to doing sth.习惯于做某事 used to do sth.习惯于做某事 【词形变化】 1.sad adj. 伤心的,悲伤的 sadly adv, sadness n 2.almost/nearly adv.几乎,差不多 3. fair adj. 公平的 unfair adj,不公平的 4.use v./n 使用/用途 useful adj. 有用的 useless adj. 无用的 5.usual adj.通常的,平常的 usually adv.通常 6.love v.爱,热爱 lovely adj.可爱的 7.help v.帮助 helpful adj.有用的,有益的 【重点句型】 1. I’m sorry/glad to hear that.听到这我很难过/高兴。2. What seems to be the problem?出了什么问题?3. Thank you for telling me.谢谢你告诉我。4. --How are you feeling today?你今天感觉怎么样?5. I’m feeling better now.我现在感觉好多了。6. I’m feeling really sad because I failed the English exam.我感觉真的很伤心因为我英语考试不及格。7. Why don’t you talk to someone when you feel sad?当你伤心的时候为什么不和某人交谈下呢?8. Who do you want to make friends with?你想和谁交朋友?9. There, there! It will be OK.好了,好了!一切都会好起来的。10. Are you OK today?你今天好吗?11. I find it difficult to learn English well.我发现把英语学好很难。12. Don’t worry, I’ll help you with it.别担心,我会帮助你的。13. You’re so kind to me.你对我如此好。14. How time flies!时光飞逝!15.I live as happily as before.我像以前一样幸福的生活。16.It seemed that the people here were not so/as friendly as before.似乎这儿的人 们没有以前那么友好。17. I was really upset and lonely.我今天真的很心烦和孤独。18. Would you like to become my friend?你愿意成为我的朋友吗?19. I think I should have a talk with her.我认为我应该和她谈谈。 3 Unit 5 Topic 3 【重点短语】 1.have a test 测试,测验 2 .get/be nervous 紧张 3.give a speech 做演讲4.practice doing sth 练习做某事 5.be sick/ill 生病 6.be confident about 对……自信 7.in a bad/good mood 心情差/好 in good spirits 心情好8.give sb a surprise =give a surprise to sb 给某人一个惊喜 9.be proud of 为……感到骄傲 10.put on 穿上,上映 11.get /be ready for 为……做准备 12.fill …with…用……把……填满 13.have trouble/difficulty (in) doing sth 有困难做某事 14.some day 有一天(将来) one day 有一天(将来/过去)15.remember to do sth 记得要去做某事 remember doing sth.记得做过某事 16.it’s+adj. for sb. to do sth 对某人来说做某事是……17.think over 仔细考虑 18.make an important decision 做一个重要的决定 19.a sense of happiness 一种幸福感 20.follow one’s advice 遵循某人的建议 take one’s advice 采纳某人建议 21.take it easy.放松点,别紧张。22.in public 在公共场合 23.be crowded with 被……挤满 24.come to sb.进入脑海,突然想出 25.be with sb.和某人在一起 【词形变化】 1.relax v.放松 relaxed adj.冷静的,镇定的(修饰人) relaxing adj.轻松的(修饰物)2.decide v.决定 decision n.[可数]决定 3.silent adj.不说话的,沉默 的 silence n.沉默 4.confident adj.自信的 confidence n.自信 【重点句型】 1.Is there anything wrong?有什么问题吗?2.I get so nervous when I give a speech.当我演讲的时候我如此的紧张。3.Let’s give Michael a surprise!让我们给迈克一个惊喜吧。4.I think the moon can affect my feelings.我认为月亮可以影响我的心情。 4 Unit 6 Topic 1 【重点词组】 1.a seven-day holiday 三天的假期 2.go on a visit to sp.去某地参观 3.decide (not) to do sth. 决定(不)做某事 decide on sth.决定某事 make a decision 做一个决定 4.the best way to do sth.做某事最好的方式 5.over the phone 通过电话 6.book the train tickets 预订火车票 7.the hard/soft sleeper 硬/软卧 8.raise money 筹集钱 9.borrow(借入) sth. from sb.从某人那借某物 lend(借出) sth. to sb.=lend sb. sth.把某物借给某人 10.look forward to doing sth.期望做某事 11.hear from sb.=get a letter from sb=receive a letter from sb.收到某人的来信 12.on the first day of 在……第一天 13.on the top of 在……顶部 14.total cost 总花费 15.spend/pay/take/cost 的用法:①Sb. spend some time/money (in) doing sth./ on sth.②Sb. pay some money for sth.③It takes sb. some time/money to do sth.④Sth. cost sb. some money16.interesting places= places of interest 名胜古迹 17.set/start out/off 出发 18.be in trouble 有麻烦,处于困境 【词形转换】 1.comfort v.安慰,抚慰 n.安慰舒服 comfortable adj.舒服的,安逸的2.Canada n.加拿大 Canadian adj.加拿大的,加拿大人的 n.加拿大人3.proper adj.正确的,恰当的 properly adv.适当地。正确地 4.difficult adj.困难的difficulty n.[U]困难 n.[C]各种困难 【重点句型】 1.I have some exciting news to tell you.我有一些激动人心的消息要告诉你们。2.It will take us a few days to get there by bike.骑自行车去那会花费我们几天时间。3.I’ d like to book some tickets to Mount Tai.我想预定一些四月十三日去泰山的票。4.Why don’t we put on a show to raise money .我们为什么不能办个展览来筹钱呢?5.We’re going on a three-day visit to Mount Tai.我们将去泰山游玩三天。6.How much does a standard room cost?一间标准间花费多少钱?7.When are you going to start out?你什么时候出发?8.How long does it take to take a train to Mount Tai?乘火车到泰山花费多长时间?9.When do you want them?你们什么时候需要他们?10.I’m looking forward to hearing from you.我盼望收到你的来信。11.May I have your name and telephone number, please?我可以知道你的名字和电话号码吗? 5 Unit 6 Topic 2 【重点短语】 1.be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 be busy with sth. 忙于某事 2.on vacation 度假 3.work out 算出,制定,完成 4.in the center of 在……中央 5.can’t wait to do sth 迫不及待做某事 can’t help doing sth 情不自禁做某事 6.one and a half hours= one hour and a half 一个半小时 7.be surprised at sth. 对某事感到惊奇 be surprised to do sth. 惊奇于做某事 8.in all directions 四面八方 9.a parking lot 一个停车场 10. push one’s way out 从人群中挤出来 11.at last =in the end =finally 最后,终于 12.be famous for 因为……而著名 be famous as 作为……而著名 13.have fun (in) doing sth. 从做某事中获得乐趣 14.thank goodness 谢天谢地 15.as soon as 一……就……16.be full of… 满的,充满的 17.make a plan 制定一个计划 18.lie in 位于……内(指某一范围之内)lie on 与……紧挨着(接壤,不管辖)lie to 隔……相望(不接壤,不管辖)19.be/get lost 迷路 20.take out 拿出 21.step on 踩,踏 22.ten meters long/wide/high 十米长/宽/高 【词形转换】 1.north n.北,北方 northern adj.北方的,北部的 2.mean v.意味着 meaning n.意义,含义 meaningful adj.重要的,重大的,意味深长的 3.crowd n.[C]人群 v.拥挤 crowded adj.拥挤的 4.experience v.经历 n.经历[C];经验[U] experienced adj.有经验的 【重点句型】 1.Would you like to come to China for your vacation?你愿意来中国度假吗?2.I can’t wait to see it.我迫不及待想看它了。3.--How far is it from here to Tian’anmen Square? --It’s about one and a half hours by bike. --从这儿到天安门广场多远? --乘自行车大约一个半小时。4.As soon as the three boys saw each other, they all jumped around happily.这三个孩子一见面,就开心的跳起来了。5.That would be very interesting.那一定很有趣。 6 Unit 6 Topic 3 【重点短语】 1.have a traffic accident 发生一场交通事故 2.be/get hurt 受伤 3.be crazy about 热衷于……4.obey the traffic rules 遵守交通规则 5.break the traffic rules 违反交通规则 6.save energy 节约能源 7.air pollution 空气污染 8.get a fine 得到一个罚单 9.10.be in danger 处于危险之中 11.make a wrong turn 拐错弯12.on the left-hand side of...在左手边 13.pay attention to doing sth.注意做某事14.traffic signals 交通信号15.just for fun 紧紧只为乐趣16.in case of 如果,假使 17.first aid 急救 18.in a word/in short 简而言之,一句话 19.disagree with sb. 不同意某人 20.look out/be careful 小心,当心 21.empty…into…把……倒入……22.notice sb. doing sth.注意某人正在做某事 notice sb. do sth.注意某人做过某事/经常做某事 23.slow down 减速 【词形变化】 1.pollute v.污染 pollution n.污染 2.care v./n.照顾,关心 careful adj.仔细的,小心的 carefully adv.仔细地 careless adj.粗心的 3.safe adj.安全的 n.保险箱 safely adv.安全地 safety n.安全 4.win v.赢得,获胜 winner n.获胜者5.center n.中心,中央 central adj.中心的,中央的 6.break v.打破,弄坏 broken adj.破损的,伤残的,出了毛病的 7.die v.死亡 dead adj.死亡的 death n.死,死亡 dy...

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